Old Spanish documents indicate that the great explorers Ferdinand Magellan and Miguel Lopez de Legaspi landed in Camiguin in 1521 and 1565, respectively, but it was not until 1598 when the Spanish settlement was established in what was later to be known as Guinsiliban (now one of the municipalities).
The first major settlement of Camiguin during the Spanish era was Catarman in 1679. This settlement grew and prospered to what is now known as Bonbon. The 1871 eruption of Mt. Vulcan Daan destroyed those towns, the remains of which are the ancient Spanish church and convent in the present town center of Catarman.
Sagay was formally established as a town in 1848; Mambajao in 1885 and Mahinog in 1860.
The name “Camiguin “ is derived from the word “Kamagong,” the name of a tree in the ebony family. Original inhabitants of the island were the Manobos from Surigao.
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Camiguin is a pear-shaped volcanic island lying in the Bohol Sea some 54 km. north of Misamis Oriental.
Camiguin is about 300 sq. km. or 29,000 hectares; its length measures 33 km.; widest point is 14 km., with circumferential road of 64 km.
Politically, Camiguin used to be a part of Misamis Oriental Province. It became a separate province in 1968.
The province consists of 5 municipalities: Mambajao (Capital Town), Mahinog, Catarman, Sagay, and Guinsiliban.
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The island has an estimated population of 70,000.
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LANGUAGE / DIALECTS
Dialects spoken in the island are Cebuano and Hiligaynon, but a few people in the municipalities of Sagay and Guinsiliban still speak the old Manobo tribe dialect, Kinamiguing.
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Cool climate is attributed to vegetation and natural springs, daytime temperature averages at 26.9° C, coldest months are December, January, and February. Maximum rainfall had been recorded on the months of June to December; dry season starts in April and sometimes lasts for one to three months.
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The main occupation of the people is fishing. Plantations include coconut, abaca, lanzones fruit trees, and rice.
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- KATIBAWASAN FALLS: A beautiful, clear stream of water cascading 70 meters into a rock pool rounded by ground orchids, wild ferns, trees and boulders. Its cold water provides a refreshing summer splash to bathers and picnickers. For the more adventurous it is possible ro rappel down the waterfalls into the plunge pool below. Located 5 kms southeast of central Mambajao.
- TUASAN FALLS: The approach to the wild and mighty falls entails a very scenic hike passing through the pleasing Barrio of Mainit and along the rocky river bed. The pool below the falls is deep and clear. The surrounding scenery is unspoiled and perfect for a peaceful picnic, the only sounds around you is that of the tumbling falls and running water. Located 6 kms northwest of Catarman.
- BURA SODA WATER SWIMMING POOL: The one and only in the country where you can swim to a pool of soda water. It is located in Bura, Catarman, Camiguin. It has great scenery over the fields and the seas as its cold water provides a refreshing splash to bathers and picnickers.
- ESPERANZA ARDENT HOT SPRING: In the heart of the island bubbles this mineral pool with water around 40 degrees Celcius. Mist rises from the heated waters that runs down the vents in the active Hibok-hibok volcano. The springs are ideal to bathe in at night surrounded by cool mountain air. Located 6kms southeast of Mambajao.
- STO NINO COLD SPRING: A terrific huge pool of cold water measuring 25m by 40m sprouting from the sandy bottom. The area has native stores, picnic huts and toilets for picnickers. Located 4kms north of Catarman.
- TANGUB HOT SPRING: A volcanic hot spring below the sea bed. The small area is formed by a pool of sea stones and corals are completely undeveloped. Water temperature changes from cold to lukewarm, warm and hot as the tide changes. Sit in the water at low tide and enjoy the cold sea water as it mixes with the hot spring. Scuba diving is also good about 10-20 meters offshore with a gradual drop-off. Located 12kms west of Mambajao.
- MACAO COLD SPRING: Once you are near the spot, you will be amazed by the crystal blue coloured water. The pool is surrounded by hude trees, some of them are more than a century old. Located in Tupsan Pequeno, Mahinog.
- PANAAD - Annual Holy Thursday and Good Friday activity. This is a gathering of people from all walks of life for a yearly devotion to spend the Holy week by walking the 64 km. circumferential rood and trekking the tedious old volcano as expression of penitence and spiritual enrichment.
- SAN JUAN HIBOK - HIBOKAN - June 24 - Held to honor St. John the Baptist. Watersports, boat races and fluvial procession are conducted. Miss Hibok - hibokan is selected.
- LANZONES FESTIVAL - Held every 3rd weekend of October - a two-day ground festival of agri-cottage industry products in exhibit; barangay beautification; indigennous sports; tableau of local culture & grand parade of the golden fruit found extra sweet in the entire province.